PLOS Medicine July 13, 2021
Sasikiran Kandula ,Jeffrey Shaman

Abstract 

Background  

With the availability of multiple Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) vaccines and the predicted shortages in supply for the near future, it is necessary to allocate vaccines in a manner that minimizes severe outcomes, particularly deaths. To date, vaccination strategies in the United States have focused on individual characteristics such as age and occupation. Here, we assess the utility of population-level health and socioeconomic indicators as additional criteria for geographical allocation of vaccines.

Methods and findings

County-level estimates of 14 indicators associated with COVID-19 mortality were extracted from public data sources. Effect estimates of the individual indicators were calculated with univariate models. Presence of spatial autocorrelation was established using Moran’s I statistic. Spatial simultaneous autoregressive (SAR)...

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Topics: Equity/SDOH, Healthcare System, Patient / Consumer, Population Health Mgmt, Provider, Public Health / COVID, Survey / Study, Trends
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